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Choosing a tertiary qualification
Tertiary? What does that mean?
Primary, secondary, tertiary. Tertiary education is any form of learning that happens after completing secondary education. It may be study or training at a tertiary education organisation, or training in the workplace.
Many people undertaking tertiary study or training are recent school leavers, but not all. People of all ages, in all areas of work, continue to study or train to keep their knowledge and skills up to date.
Know your options
Tertiary courses range from transition programmes (school to work), practical and academic courses, through to postgraduate study and research. There are also lots of trade, technical and business qualifications you can get on the job through workplace learning. Look at what industry training organisations offer, including apprenticeships.
Broaden your thinking
It’s tempting to choose a path that follows on from a subject you were did well in at school, but think about what other areas your skills and knowledge might lead to. Investigate the jobs beyond your own experience – and your friends' and family's. There are all sorts of jobs and career pathways that you may not have heard of.
There's a good chance that by the time you are 25 or 30, your career direction will be different from the path you took when you left school. Think about that.
On one hand, the decisions you make when you leave school are not the end of the journey. On the other hand, there's no point burning up too many years and wasting money on something you might not stick with. Do your best to explore widely and keep a range of options in mind until you are sure.
Know the setup
In New Zealand there are lots of different ways to learn and places to study at tertiary level. There are eight universities, 20 polytechnics and institutes of technology, three wananga, over 700 private training establishments (PTEs) and nearly 40 Industry Training Organisations (ITOs). See About education organisations.
To do workplace training through an ITO you'll need to have a job.
You've found a tertiary course that seems right for you, but it’s highly likely that other tertiary providers will be offering something similar. Look at the alternatives. The differences between what seem like similar programmes could help you clarify exactly what you want. For more information, see Choosing a provider.
Think about your whole life
Think through all the changes you might need to make in your life. Do you want to move to another town or stay in your home town? Would you miss your friends and family? How will you keep up a sport or hobby you love? Do you want a big loan? Could you manage study or training as well as part-time or casual work? Are you prepared for a different style of leaning and living?
Look at all the angles
Compare all aspects of the course. How long is it? What are the full costs of fees, books and materials, and the ongoing costs of accommodation, living and travelling to and from the campus? What learning support is there? Can you transfer your credits to another programme if you decide to change? See Prior learning and credit transfer.
Meeting the costs
Think about how you will cover the costs of your tertiary education. Applying for scholarships is one possibility. If you decide to do workplace training, your course fees may be subsidised. You might also be eligible for a student loan or allowance. Visit the StudyLink website to look at funding options for your study or training.
What use will your qualification be?
Be sure you know how valuable your qualification will be in the job market or as preparation for further study or training. Check out the prerequisites for other courses you have in mind. Research your job prospects – look at job vacancies, talk to employers who are likely to employ you and ask others who have completed the course how their job hunting went.
Take, or make, opportunities to meet the tutors and look at the facilities if you can. Talk to people who are already in the course or job you are thinking about. Get a feel for the community that will be a big part of your life. Is it right for you?
Look at how others did
Information on how well tertiary providers are helping their students to achieve is available from the Tertiary Education Commission.
The information seeks to answer questions such as how many students are:
- successfully completing their courses?
- completing their qualifications?
- progressing to higher level study?
- being retained in study?
Get all the information
Once you've chosen your education or training pathway, make sure, when you enrol or sign up, that you get full details such as dates, costs, refunds if you need to withdraw, information about resources, student support services and complaints procedures. Registered and accredited providers should have all of these.
Make the decision that’s right for you now
Do the best research you can and make the decision that's right for you at this stage of your life. But remember that you will probably be making new career decisions throughout your life. The decision you make now doesn't have to be forever. It's okay to change your mind, your plans, even your choice of career as you change as a person.
Need information and advice?
There's plenty of information out there, but a lot of it is designed to persuade you to follow a particular path. Careers New Zealand is one source of independent information and advice - phone them on 0800 222 733.
For more information, download Making good tertiary choices (PDF, 914KB)