Assessment Specifications

Level 2 Biology 2022

General information

Domain

Biology

Method of assessment

Written examination

Standards

91156  91157  91159

Candidates may be required to interpret diagrams and new information, draw diagrams, and write responses of one or more paragraphs.

Some questions may be resource-based.

Candidates may use annotated diagrams to show evidence where appropriate.

Equipment

Calculators are permitted.

Specific information for individual achievement standards

Standard

91156

Title

Demonstrate understanding of life processes at the cellular level

Version

2

Number of credits

4

Understanding of the structure of DNA, and the meaning of semi-conservative replication as part of cell division, is expected.

Factors affecting the processes may include both direct and indirect availability of resources.

Photosynthesis includes both the light-independent and light-dependent processes.

Cell respiration includes both anaerobic and aerobic respiration.

Factors that affect enzyme activity within cells may include temperature, pH, substrate concentration, co-enzymes, co-factors, and enzyme inhibitors.

Similarities and differences between cells may relate to the overall functioning of the organism and justifying the reasons for these similarities and differences.  

Movement of materials may also include facilitated diffusion.


Standard

91157

Title

Demonstrate understanding of genetic variation and change

Version

2

Number of credits

4

Mutation as a source of new alleles requires candidates to understand the difference between gametic and somatic mutations.

Candidates may be required to draw and/or interpret a Punnett square for any of the specified monohybrid or dihybrid inheritance patterns, and calculate the expected proportions of genotype and phenotype (expressed as a ratio, fraction, percentage, or decimal).

Understanding of genetic drift is considered to include founder effect and genetic bottlenecks.


Standard

91159

Title

Demonstrate understanding of gene expression

Version

2

Number of credits

4

For nucleic acid structure and the nature of the genetic code, the bases are adenine, thymine, guanine, cytosine, and uracil; the relationship between them should be understood.

Examples such as sickle cells and cystic fibrosis in humans could be used to illustrate gene mutations.


Biology subject page

Examination timetable

Find information for...

 
Skip to main page content Accessibility page with list of access keys Home Page Site Map Contact Us newzealand.govt.nz