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90855: Create a visual text

Updated December 2017. This document has been updated in its entirety to address new issues that have arisen from moderation.

Focus of the standard

This standard assesses students’ ability to develop and structure ideas in a visual text. This means that students focus primarily on the visual mode. Equal attention should be paid to the development and the presentation of the ideas in the visual text. Verbal features need to work with visual features so that the text is a planned whole.

The text must be ‘stand alone’, rather than a component of an oral presentation, or an illustration of a predominantly written text. Voiceover or written text should not be a commentary or explanation of the ideas in a visual text.

Support materials

A statement of intent may be attached to student work when submitting for moderation, if this would help to clarify the student’s purpose, intended audience and source text/s.

The New Zealand Association for the Teaching of English (NZATE) Visual Text resource provides additional examples of the assessment of visual texts at all grades of the standard. This is available from the NZATE website.

Using found images

Students can use found images to communicate ideas. However, students need to think about how such images can be used. The found images must be manipulated in such a way that the final visual text is original.

Images cannot be a literal communication of ideas. If the student is developing ideas from a source text that already has visual images, such as a film or a website, images from that visual text cannot be used to develop the same idea that is communicated in the source text.


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