 Home
 Qualifications and standards
 NCEA
 Māori and Pasifika

Providers and partners
 About education organisations
 NZQA's quality assurance system for tertiary education organisations
 Guidelines and forms
 Consistency of graduate outcomes
 Approval, accreditation and registration
 Monitoring and Assessment
 Selfassessment
 External evaluation and review
 Assessment and moderation of standards
 Submitting results and awarding qualifications and microcredentials
 Tertiary and International Learners Code of Practice
 Offshore use of qualifications and programmes
 Reform of vocational education
 International Education planning
 international
 About us
Level 2
Mathematics and Statistics clarifications
Show: Mathematics and Statistics homepage  All Mathematics and Statistics clarifications
91257: Apply graphical methods in solving problems
Updated December 2014. This document has been updated to address issues that have arisen from moderation.
The emphasis for this standard is on the use of methods in the process of solving problems rather than simply drawing graphs. Students need to apply graphical methods in solving problems, so the evidence for the standard will most likely be from modelling a situation by graphical models and then using the models to solve the problem.
Expected evidence for Achieved
For Achieved, the requirements include selecting and using methods. To be used as evidence, a ‘method’ must be relevant to the solution of the problem. The ‘methods’ also need to be at the appropriate curriculum level for the standard.
Explanatory Note 4
Explanatory Note 4 refers to graphs at curriculum level 7. Further information can be found in the Mathematics and Statistics teaching and learning guide on TKI.
Properties of functions are the attributes which apply to all the functions in a group, for example, all cubics have rotational symmetry, all trigonometric functions are periodic.
Features of graphs apply to a specific function, for example, y = 3sin2x has an amplitude of 3, y = 0.05(x – 4)^{2} – 7.5 has a line of symmetry at x = 4 and turning point at (4, 7.5).
Relational thinking
In forming a model to meet some specified criteria and using this model to solve a problem, finding points of intersection, and using these to make recommendations related to given criteria, students are likely to demonstrate relational thinking.
Extended abstract thinking
This may require students to go beyond the given information. In forming a general rule which could be used to generate families of functions, generalising an equation of a model and using this to determine when specific criteria can be met, or making a decision on a ‘best’ model and giving a detailed explanation for the decision, students are likely to demonstrate extended abstract thinking.
Communicating solutions
At all grades there is a requirement relating to the communication of the solutions.
At Achieved, communicating the solution is likely to involve providing an appropriate representation of a graph and identifying its features.
At Merit, students need to clearly indicate what they are finding and their solutions need to be linked to the context.
At Excellence, the response needs to be clearly communicated with correct mathematical statements, and students need to explain any decisions they make in the solution of the problem.