Fields Māori and Sciences
Revision to add an interpretation in Māori to Mathematics and Statistics Level 1 achievement standards; and review of Pāngarau Level 1 unit standards
Reviewed unit standards
Subfield 
Domain 
ID 
General Education Māori 
Pāngarau 
1830618309 
Revised achievement standards
Domain 
ID 
Subject reference 
Algebra 
91027 
Mathematics and Statistics 1.2 

91028 
Mathematics and Statistics 1.3 

91029 
Mathematics and Statistics 1.4 
Geometry 
91031 
Mathematics and Statistics 1.6 

91033 
Mathematics and Statistics 1.8 

91034 
Mathematics and Statistics 1.9 
Measurement 
91030 
Mathematics and Statistics 1.5 
Number 
91026 
Mathematics and Statistics 1.1 
Probability 
91038 
Mathematics and Statistics 1.13 
Statistics 
91035 
Mathematics and Statistics 1.10 

91036 
Mathematics and Statistics 1.11 

91037 
Mathematics and Statistics 1.12 
Trigonometry 
91032 
Mathematics and Statistics 1.7 
The Ministry of Education and NZQA Māori Qualifications Services have completed a review of the achievement and unit standards listed above.
The Ministry of Education has interpreted into Māori the revised Level 1 achievement standards in the domains listed above, which were listed in December 2010. The Māori interpretation follows the English version in the same document, and can be viewed on the NCEA website: http://www.nzqa.govt.nz/ncea.
New Registration date December 2013
Date new versions published December 2013
Planned review date December 2016
Summary of review and consultation process
In 2010 the Ministry of Education, in association with the New Zealand Qualifications Authority and subject working groups, began to develop achievement standards derived from outcomes in Te Marautanga o Aotearoa (TMoA). This development also addressed duplication of outcomes, credit parity, fairness, consistency and coherence. The development was guided by the direction of Te Marautanga o Aotearoa and the Standards Review Guidelines. A copy of TMoA is available at: http://tmoa.tki.org.nz/NgaMarautangaoAotearoa/TeMarautangaoAotearoa
Teacher subject working groups were involved in the development, and draft achievement standards were the focus of wide consultation, especially with wharekura (schools) and kaiako (teachers). Resources were also developed to support these standards.
The review of unit standards included the assessment of continued relevance and likely future use of the standards. Unit standards that duplicate achievement standard outcomes and those without the likelihood of future tertiary use were recommended for expiry.
The development of these Level 1 achievement standards was completed in time for implementation in 2014.
Outline of interpretation process
The interpretations were undertaken by subject and language specialists contracted by the Ministry of Education, and were quality assured by Ministry of Education staff and an externally contracted critique group comprised of language specialists.
Main changes resulting from the review
· All TMoA Level 6 (NZQF Level 1) outcomes are now assessed using achievement standards (there are no longer any unit standards linked to TMoA).
· Grading criteria for achievement standards were reviewed in accordance with the Standards Review Guidelines.
· Mathematics and Statistics achievement standards aligned with outcomes from the New Zealand Curriculum (NZC), 1.11.13 (9102691038), were reinterpreted in te reo Māori in line with the standard template for Māorimedium achievement standards.
· Two new, unique Pāngarau achievement standards (not translated from existing standards) were developed to reflect the cross strands Te Reo Matatini o te Pāngarau (maths literacy) and Te Whakamahinga o te Pāngarau (the use of mathematics):
1.14 (91655) Te whakaoti rangahau pāngarau
1.15 (91656) Te whakaatu mōhiotanga ki te reo matatini o te pāngarau.
· All the Level 1 unit standards recognised outcomes similar to those in achievement standards, or had minimal usage; they were therefore designated expiring (see table below).
· The English language versions of the standards have been amended to show that they also derive from achievement objectives in TMoA, and their review date has been changed to December 2016.
· Mathematics and Statistics 1.4 (91029)  the descriptors for 'extended thinking', which is part of the criterion for the Excellence grade, have been amended to match the other Level 1 standards that use the term in the Excellence criterion.
For a detailed description of the review of, and the changes to, the Mathematics and Statistics, and Pāngarau standards see the appendix at the end of this report.
Impact on existing organisations with consent to assess
Current consent for 
Consent extended to  
Nature of consent 
Classification or ID 
Level 
Nature of consent 
Classification or ID 
Level 
Subfield 
Mathematics 
Any 
Domain 
Te Marautanga o Aotearoa > Pāngarau 
Same 
Subfield 
Statistics and Probability 
Any 
Domain 
Te Marautanga o Aotearoa > Pāngarau 
Same 
Domain 
General Education Māori > Pāngarau 
Any 
Domain 
Te Marautanga o Aotearoa > Pāngarau 
Same 
Impact on Consent and Moderation Requirements (CMR)
All new and review category B achievement standards have been registered on CMR 0233.
Impact on registered qualifications
None.
Impact of changes on NCEA Exclusions List
Achievement standard 
Existing unit standards 
AS91655 
18306, 18307, 18308 
Review Categories and changes to classification, title, level, and credits
The following summary shows the changes made to the standards as a result of the review. All changes are in bold. Where a new or a new version of an externally assessed achievement standard is registered, the following designation appears after the title [Externally Assessed].
Key to review category  
A 
Dates changed, but no other changes are made  the new version of the standard carries the same ID and a new version number 
B 
Changes made, but the overall outcome remains the same  the new version of the standard carries the same ID and a new version number 
C 
Major changes that necessitate the registration of a replacement achievement standard with a new ID 
D 
Achievement standard will expire and not be replaced 
Unit standards categorised as category C or D expire at the end of 
December 2014 
(Ordinarily at least two years from the date the review is completed to allow time for tertiary providers to change their programmes)
Māori > Te Marautanga o Aotearoa > Pāngarau (Achievement standards)
Māori > General Education Māori > Pāngarau (Unit standards)
ID 
Ref 
Title 
Level 
Credit 
Review Category 
18306
18307
18308 91655 
1.14 
Use Māori concepts of space in a mathematical context Use Māori concepts of time in a mathematical context Apply Māori methods of quantification Te whakaoti rangahau pāngarau 
1
1
1 1 
2
2
2 3 
C
New 
18309 

Apply transformation geometry to define traditional, and develop new Māori style patterns 
1 
2 
D 
91656 
1.15 
Te whakaatu mōhiotanga ki te reo matatini o te pāngarau 
1 
3 
New 
Interpretations
Sciences > Mathematics > Number
ID 
Ref 
Title 
Level 
Credit 
91026 
1.1 
Apply numeric reasoning in solving problems 
1 
4 


Te whakamahi whakaaro tau whaitake hei whakaoti rapanga 


Sciences > Mathematics > Algebra
ID 
Ref 
Title 
Level 
Credit 
91027 
1.2 
Apply algebraic procedures in solving problems 
1 
4 


Te whakamahi tikanga taurangi hei whakaoti rapanga [Externally Assessed] 


91028 
1.3 
Investigate relationships between tables, equations and graphs 
1 
4 


Te tūhura i ngā hononga o te tūtohi, te whārite me te kauwhata [Externally Assessed] 


91029 
1.4 
Apply linear algebra in solving problems 
1 
3 


Te whakamahi tikanga taurangi rārangi hei whakaoti rapanga 


Sciences > Mathematics > Measurement
ID 
Ref 
Title 
Level 
Credit 
91030 
1.5 
Apply measurement in solving problems 
1 
3 


Te whakamahi tikanga ine hei whakaoti rapanga 


Sciences > Mathematics > Geometry
ID 
Ref 
Title 
Level 
Credit 
91031 
1.6 
Apply geometric reasoning in solving problems 
1 
4 


Te whakamahi whakaaro āhuahanga hei whakaoti rapanga [Externally Assessed] 


Sciences > Mathematics > Trigonometry
ID 
Ref 
Title 
Level 
Credit 
91032 
1.7 
Apply rightangled triangles in solving measurement problems 
1 
3 


Te whakamahi tikanga tapatoru hāngai hei whakaoti rapanga ine 


Sciences > Mathematics > Geometry
ID 
Ref 
Title 
Level 
Credit 
91033 
1.8 
Apply knowledge of geometric representations in solving problems 
1 
3 


Te whakamahi whakaahuahanga āhuahanga hei whakaoti rapanga 


91034 
1.9 
Apply transformation geometry in solving problems 
1 
2 


Te whakamahi āhuahanga panoni hei whakaoti rapanga 


Sciences > Statistics and Probability > Statistics
ID 
Ref 
Title 
Level 
Credit 
91035 
1.10 
Investigate a given multivariate data set using the statistical enquiry cycle 
1 
4 


Te whakamahi i ngā tikanga tūhuratanga tauanga hei tūhura huinga raraunga matatini 


91036 
1.11 
Investigate bivariate numerical data using the statistical enquiry cycle 
1 
3 


Te whakamahi i ngā tikanga tūhuratanga tauanga hei tūhura raraunga tau matarua 


91037 
1.12 
Demonstrate understanding of chance and data 
1 
4 


Te whakaatu māramatanga ki te tūponotanga me te raraunga [Externally Assessed] 


Sciences > Statistics and Probability > Probability
ID 
Ref 
Title 
Level 
Credit 
91038 
1.13 
Investigate a situation involving elements of chance 
1 
3 


Te tūhura pūāhua tūponotanga 


Appendix
Development of Level 1 Pāngarau Standards
Process of aligning standards with Te Marautanga o Aotearoa (TMoA)
The Level 1 Pāngarau achievement standards align with the outcomes of the Level 6 Te Tau me te Taurangi (Number and Algebra); Te Ine me te Āhuahanga (Measurement and Geometry); and Te Tauanga (Statistics) strands of the Pāngarau learning area of TMoA.
The process of aligning achievement standards with TMoA was informed by a series of audits across all learning areas commissioned by the Ministry of Education from Māorimedium subject specialists in 2007.
A specialist Pāngarau writing panel, consisting of subject specialists working in wharekura, was convened by the Ministry of Education to develop a new suite of standards informed by the recommendations from the audit report. In aligning the standards to the new marautanga (curriculum), the writing panel noted the following:
· Levels 6, 7 and 8 of the Pāngarau learning area of TMoA align very closely with Mathematics and Statistics in the New Zealand Curriculum (NZC).
· The one significant point of difference between Pāngarau in TMoA and Mathematics and Statistics in the NZC are the whāinga paetae relating to the two cross strands 'Te Reo Matatini o te Pāngarau', which focuses on literacy in Pāngarau and 'Te Whakamahinga o te Pāngarau', which focuses on the use of Pāngarau.
· It is in the best interests of students in Māorimedium schooling studying Pāngarau at this level to have access to the full range of achievement standards offered in Mathematics and Statistics. This will ensure that senior students from wharekura are not disadvantaged if they wish to study Mathematics and Statistics at university level, or take courses which require the study of Mathematics and Statistics to some extent.
Accordingly, Pāngarau achievement standards were developed as follows:
· Mathematics and Statistics achievement standards 1.11.13 (9102691038) were reinterpreted in te reo Māori in line with the standard template for Māorimedium achievement standards.
· Two new, unique Pāngarau achievement standards 1.14 (91655) and 1.15 (91656) were developed to reflect the cross strands Te Reo Matatini o te Pāngarau and Te Whakamahinga o te Pāngarau.
In addition, the decision was taken to designate the three unique Pāngarau unit standards (18306, 18307 and 18308) expiring, because the knowledge and skills from one of these unit standards may form the basis for the research study required for the new achievement standard 1.14 (91655).
Supporting documents were developed to assist in the interpretation of achievement standards and the development of teaching and learning programmes.
Addressing Duplication
Issues of duplication for the Pāngarau standards 1.11.13 (9102691038) were dealt with during the alignment of these standards with the NZC.
As indicated above and depending on the research topic selected, it would be possible for a student to meet the requirements of the new achievement standard 1.14 (91655) and of one of the expiring unit standards (18306, 18307 and 18308) with the same assessment evidence. Pāngarau 1.14 (91655) has therefore been designated a C category review standard replacing 18306, 18307 and 18308. There is a mutual exclusion between the achievement standard and the unit standards that it replaces.
Consideration was given as to whether the new standard, 1.15 (91656) Te whakaatu mōhiotanga ki te reo matatini o te pāngarau, duplicated the requirements in most of the existing standards for students to communicate their mathematical thinking. There was a strong consensus of opinion that because te reo Māori was such a central ethos and prime focus of Māorimedium schooling, this should be recognised by the availability of a standard, and therefore credits towards the National Certificates of Educational Achievement (NCEAs) and other qualifications, to acknowledge students' proficiency in the discourse of Pāngarau.
Addressing Credit Parity
The credits allocated to the standards reflect the time required for the teaching and learning involved. Issues of credit parity for the Pāngarau standards 1.11.13 (9102691038) were dealt with during the alignment of these standards with the NZC. Decisions regarding credit parity for the proposed new standards 1.14 and 1.15 (91655 and 91656) were based on the basis of one credit equalling ten notional hours of learning and assessment time.
External and Internal Assessment
The method of assessment for each standard best reflects the teaching and learning involved for each standard. Issues regarding the balance and appropriateness of internal and external assessment for standards 1.11.13 (9102691038) were dealt with during the alignment of these standards with the NZC. Internal assessment was considered the most appropriate form of assessment for the two new standards, and this is consistent with similar standards (research and literacy) in other learning areas.
What has changed (summary)?
Pāngarau 1.14 (91655) Te whakaoti rangahau pāngarau reflects the cross strand Te Whakamahinga o te Pāngarau, which aims to ensure that students are aware of the uses of Pāngarau, the origins of the ideas, and are able to critically evaluate its use across a range of contexts.
Pāngarau 1.15 (91656) Te whakaatu mōhiotanga ki te reo matatini o te pāngarau, reflects the cross strand Te Reo Matatini o te Pāngarau, which focuses on the skills of communicating in Pāngarau in order to develop higher order thinking skills such as critical thinking, logical reasoning and creativity.
Pāngarau 1.15 (91656) is based on an alignment of the Pāngarau achievement objectives and the Literacy Progressions for Māorimedium students, and evidence of meeting the standard therefore is focussed on the three elements of Āheinga Reo, Puna Reo and Rautaki Reo.
It is intended that these two new standards have followon standards at Level 2, but not through to Level 3. It was felt that students studying Pāngarau at Level 3 would be doing so in preparation for tertiary study in mathematics and statistics, and would gain most benefit therefore by choosing from standards that allow for followon to such study.