Assessment Report

New Zealand Scholarship Technology 2022

Standard 93601

Part A: Commentary

In 2022 many candidates exhibited insufficient understanding of the importance of the context at this level and how this determines the authenticity of the candidates practice and outcome. To ensure authenticity candidates must investigate and include considerations of the intended physical and social environment prior to, during and after development of the outcome.

Technological practice is not a theoretical exercise, all outcomes need to be tested in their intended environment to demonstrate their fitness for purpose. Technological practice doesn’t just refer to the designing, trialling, and construction of an outcome. It is an ongoing iterative process involving problem solving where the student interacts with their stakeholders and reflects on their intended environment to make decisions and address the issue.

There has been an increase in the quality of photographic evidence however candidates need to improve the annotation of the visual particularly when explaining the complexities of the situation/problem. Short video clips of the functioning prototype (less than 30 seconds) increase the student’s ability to communicate the effectiveness of their prototype (what it does and how it works).

Some candidates used QR codes instead of links on printed documents to assist in communicating the technological practice and the outcome or YouTube links listed at the top of the first page. These opened easily compared to non-functioning links.

While group work is valid for certain technological projects, and reflects what is often done in industry, it can be very difficult for markers to determine what an individual’s contribution is when seeking to award grades for scholarship. Candidates must make their individual contribution very clear. This means candidates working in groups must be able to reflect on their contribution to the project and how the group worked together. For example, complexities of how they resolved the tasks in their group, how they worked to strengths within the group. Other unique complexities that arise as a result of group work should be reflected in the individual reports.

Candidates who presented evidence that followed guidelines for competitions, shows or other technology awards often had their practice constrained by the requirements of a specification that did not allow them the opportunity to demonstrate either scholarship or outstanding scholarship performance.

Candidates also need to ensure there is sufficient evidence in their report that reflects all three stands of the curriculum.

Candidates should ensure that their reports are fully legible and not below the recommended size 12 font. Images should be functional and clear, and no more than 60 pages submitted. Increasing numbers of candidates were not discerning with their evidence and presented up to 16 pages reduced to a single A4 page.  This extra material was often unreadable and as it would unfairly advantage the candidate with evidence, was not considered during marking.

Some candidates relied heavily on “highlighting” research or adding ‘post it notes’, or pages of irrelevant material that did not indicate synthesis nor illustrate technological practice. Reports that were submitted as a mix of typed, handwritten and pictorial work was often hard to read (upside down, out of focus and included messy handwriting or scribble) did not meet the specifications of a scholarship submission.

Where candidate’s practice was guided by the assessment criteria for specialist knowledge and skill achievement standards (such as level 3 standards) it often constrained their ability to undertake technological practice.

Covid related lockdowns may have had an impact on a number of student projects in 2022, however, there was less reference to this issue in the submissions. 

There were some very good examples of the integration of Mātauranga Māori into projects in multiple contexts. 

Part B: Report on performance standard

Candidates who were awarded Scholarship with Outstanding Performance commonly:

  • made astute justifications of their practice and its resulting outcomes
  • demonstrated skills at or exceeding New Zealand curriculum level 8 expectations for synthesis and integration of skills and knowledge
  • selected and explored their own authentic context which resulted in student agency.
  • articulated independent and informed critical thinking around both their technological practice and the resulting outcome
  • found an innovative, creative or highly relevant and authentic issue that had the potential for complexity and scope to support exploration and the production of a quality technological outcome
  • reflected and analysed others’ processes and practices and selected and applied the most salient aspects
  • demonstrated a clear understanding of target user preference / opportunity or client / stakeholders
  • effectively conveyed the functionality and purpose of the outcome. This was essential in communicating the elegance and/or innovation of the situated outcome
  • managed their project independently leading to an organic rather than formulaic practice which allows them to meet the criteria
  • effectively used relevant prior knowledge from previous learning
  • incorporated all three curriculum strands and technological literacy
  • thoroughly investigated, understood and critically reflected upon relevant aspects of the social environment (could include any of the socio-cultural aspects) and applied this knowledge
  • demonstrated a willingness to pursue new knowledge and learnings and incorporate these into their own practice
  • demonstrated critical reflection which allowed decisions that would impact positively on the physical and social environment of their outcome
  • extrapolated – were able to determine the relevance of information and experiences and apply this into new contexts, so as to inform the development of their technological outcome
  • allowed their project to evolve in a logical manner
  • provided evidence of on-going critical reflection on the pertinent knowledge gained. This was normally from a variety of sources that enhanced their practice and outcome development
  • were forward thinking which enabled seamless steps in their technological practice
  • justified in-depth the technological practice they undertook and how the outcome addressed the challenges of the issue and fitness for purpose in its broadest sense
  • critically reflected on focused and relevant functional modelling to ensure the outcome had the potential to be fit for purpose
  • understood socio-cultural and historical contexts and make connections from these to their own practice
  • demonstrated elegance and originality in both technological practice and the ensuring technological outcome
  • explored suitability of materials, processes and components based upon their performance properties to ensure fitness for purpose
  • developed a completed complex outcome that showed their ingenuity and optimisation of materials, components and/or processes
  • fully implemented or deployed a complex and authentic solution to an issue.

Candidates who were awarded Scholarship commonly:

  • selected a context which allowed them to investigate a genuine issue
  • introduced their project and the issue/opportunity/context that was explored
  • explored the elements that underpinned the context which identified many of the complexities of the situation
  • demonstrated their ability to carry out on-going and in-depth analysis and investigation into the social and physical environment in which the issue and the potential outcome is used and/or placed
  • justified their practice which included giving clear and succinct reasons for actions undertaken as they relate to the issue and context considerations
  • analysed the findings of purposeful functional modelling and make judgments to inform decision making
  • demonstrated the ability to be adaptable and incorporate iterative processes as part of their technological practice
  • demonstrated the ability to reflect on relevant information, knowledge, attitudes and/or practices of others and how these may influence, inform or guide the development of the outcome
  • obtained timely relevant stakeholder feedback and/or knowledge which is used to inform their practice
  • accessed timely and relevant technological knowledge which is used to inform their practice
  • demonstrated effective problem solving abilities while undertaking their practice
  • reflected upon the knowledge gained from technological modelling to ensure the outcome had the potential to be fit for purpose
  • reflected on and analysed their own manufacturing processes and practices
  • synthesised in-depth knowledge and skills to ensure their technological outcome was fit for purpose
  • developed a quality outcome and communicated this through clear photographs, diagrams or working links (for example QR codes) to demonstrate fitness for purpose in its intended environment
  • their on-going technological practice was routinely informed by the issue and brief
  • were discerning in their use and presentation of information, to ensure the requirements for scholarship criteriums were met
  • demonstrated developed organisational skills and ability to work around unforeseen circumstances
  • used short 30 second video links using QR codes or YouTube links to clarify a student’s decision making or show the functioning outcome in situ.

Candidates who were not awarded Scholarship commonly:

  • did not sufficiently explore a real issue or context thus reducing their ability to carry out authentic technological practice
  • submitted digital submissions that did not sufficiently scope out the complexity of the skills required early enough in the process, resulting in unresolved outcomes
  • over emphasized the process of brief development at the expense of developing and producing a prototype (ran out of time)
  • presented a running commentary on what they did rather than explaining the purpose for their actions and justifying their Technological Practice
  • included evidence that was not relevant to this Performance Standard
  • had a predetermined outcome in mind which prevented any authentic and/or in-depth exploration of the issue.
  • demonstrated limited creativity and/or innovation even though they produced a high quality outcome
  • misinterpreted the complexities of the situation to solely those of a technical nature when producing the outcome (did not adequately cover the 3 strands)
  • undertook Technological Practice which was below Level 8 of the New Zealand curriculum
  • demonstrated Technological knowledge which was below level 8 of the New Zealand curriculum
  • did not demonstrate sufficient understanding of the relevant socio-cultural considerations of the context and the issue
  • did not acquire stakeholder feedback that was essential to the outcome/context
  • accessed overly agreeable stakeholders that resulted in limited and constrained development
  • did not acquire and/or apply the appropriate technological knowledge
  • did not adequately reflect on relevant information, knowledge, attitudes and/or practices of others in order to actively inform the development of their own outcome
  • included unnecessary and/or irrelevant research that was not applied or reflected on in their practice (aka waffle). Whilst fitness for purpose should be broad it is more important that it is relevant
  • presented insufficient or incoherent evidence which did not allow the examiner to adequately judge the technological practice being undertaken
  • presented work which was of such small font or print size, or line spacing which had been unclearly photocopied, and subsequently was unreadable by the examiner
  • provided evidence which was repetitive, often it conveyed lower order thinking and/or generic information that bulked out the submission but diluted the evidence quality and coherence of the technological practice
  • presented preconceived briefs which did not support candidates to realise an authentic feasible outcome
  • submitted structured reports with too much planning and development that limited the candidates in successfully completing their outcomes.

Subject page


Previous years' reports

2021 (PDF, 172KB)

2020 (PDF, 151KB)

2019 (ZIP, 72MB)

2017 (PDF, 110KB)

2016 (PDF, 189KB)

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