Level 3

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91476: Construct and deliver a fluent and coherent oral text which develops, sustains, and structures ideas

Updated December 2017. This document has been updated in its entirety to address new issues that have arisen from moderation.

Oral text type and sustained development of ideas

The selected text type must give students the opportunity to demonstrate a sophisticated understanding of purpose and audience. This includes the communication of sustained sophisticated ideas, information and understandings. If the purpose of the oral presentation is to communicate ideas, feelings, opinions and information that do not go beyond personal experience, it is unlikely to sustain ideas at level 8 of the New Zealand curriculum.

Recorded presentations

Video recordings of live performances are done in a single take.

Oral texts that are recorded for delivery to an audience at a later time must be appropriate to that audience and purpose. Presentations such as vlogs must include oral language features appropriate to that audience (YouTube viewers for example). Reading a script from a computer screen is unlikely to meet the standard.

If students are constructing oral texts for a YouTube or podcast audience, the recording may include editing to incorporate presentation features such as demonstration or display materials. The recorded oral text must be primarily spoken.

A poor recording may limit a student’s ability to provide evidence of an appropriate use of oral language features. On the other hand, students cannot be rewarded for their editing skills. Editing, if used, must be appropriate to the listening audience. The ability to edit video footage is assessed by another standard.

Support material

The New Zealand Association for the Teaching of English (NZATE) 3.5 oral presentation DVD provides additional examples of assessment of oral texts at all grades of the standard. This is available from the NZATE website.


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