Qualification Overview

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Qualification Title New Zealand Certificate in Solid Wood Manufacturing (Level 3) with strands in Finger Jointing; Pole, Post and Pile; Saw Doctoring; Sawmilling; Timber Drying; Timber Grading and Optimising; Timber Machining; and Timber Treatment
Qualification Type Certificate
Level 3
Credits 49 - 79
Subject Area
  • Engineering and Related Technologies » Process and Resources Engineering » Wood Based Manufacturing
  • Manufacturing » Solid Wood Manufacturing
Strategic Purpose Statement
The purpose of this qualification is to provide the solid wood manufacturing industry with people who have the skills and knowledge required to work as an operator in a solid wood manufacturing operation.

Graduates will understand safety, as well as, environmental and quality requirements relevant to solid wood manufacturing. Graduates will be able to safely and efficiently operate plant and equipment used in solid wood manufacturing with limited supervision.
Graduate profile
Graduates of this qualification will be able to:

- Apply skills and knowledge of workplace health and safety, environmental, and quality requirements relevant to solid wood manufacturing operational roles.

Graduates of the Finger Jointing strand will also be able to:
- Set up, maintain and identify performance issues for basic finger jointer and saw centre operation under limited supervision.
- Apply knowledge of grinding wheels and fluids and perform calculations for operating wood forming machines and grinders.
- Apply knowledge of adhesives, gluing procedures, and glue testing to control automatic gluing application systems used in wood finger jointing operations.
- Operate and monitor the performance of a finger jointer and cross cut saw centre under limited supervision in a solid wood manufacturing operation.

Graduates of the Pole, Post and Pile strand will also be able to:
- Grade, tally, package, and optimise conversion of roundwood products.
- Use machinery, equipment and technical processes to carry out production tasks specific to pole, post and pile manufacturing.

Graduates of the Saw Doctoring strand will also be able to:
- Understand the principles of sawmilling and the physical characteristics of wood as a raw material.
- Understand theoretical concepts that relate to grinding, profiles, saw design, wood quality and basic saw doctoring calculations.
- Grind straight knives and anvils, and set, sharpen and tooth circular saws.

Graduates of the Sawmilling strand will also be able to:
- Understand operation of sawmilling equipment, sawmill products and processes, cutting patterns and schedules, and legislation relevant to sawmilling operations.
- Use machinery, equipment and technical processes to carry out tasks specific to sawmilling operations.

Graduates of the Timber Drying strand will also be able to:
- Understand physical properties of wood, contamination and biological attack on wood, and phytosanitary standards in wood manufacturing.
- Understand factors that affect wood drying, factors that cause defects when drying, and establish correction factor for a moisture meter.
- Monitor and maintain timber kiln plant and equipment for a specific wood manufacturing site.

Graduates of the Timber Grading and Optimising strand will also be able to:
- Understand permeability, density, moisture content in wood, and defects and size tolerances in relation to timber grades.
- Understand and apply company specifications for grading timber, measure defects, and calculate the value of timber.
- Use machinery, equipment and technical processes to carry out tasks specific to timber grading and optimising.

Graduates of the Timber Machining strand will also be able to:
- Operate and monitor the performance of a planing system, and explain factors affecting the finished quality of machined timber.
- Set up a timber planer for dress four sides.
- Set cutters into cutter heads and joint straight cutters on a planing system in a timber machining operation.

Graduates of the Timber Treatment strand will also be able to:
- Understand physical properties of wood, contamination and biological attack on wood, and phytosanitary standards in wood manufacturing.
- Understand antisapstain treatment as a method of wood preservation and the legislative and compliance requirements relating to wood preservation operations.
- Operate, monitor and maintain wood preservation plant and equipment.
Education pathways
This qualification can lead to the New Zealand Certificate in Solid Wood Manufacturing (Level 4) with strands in Laminating, Timber Drying, Timber Grading, and Timber Treatment [Ref: 1973].
Entry Requirements
None.
Education Organisation 2 Organisations can assist in gaining this qualification
Developed By Competenz
Quality Assured By New Zealand Qualifications Authority
Number 1969
Status Current
Created May 2014
Next Review December 2019
Content
* Environmental practices; information systems; monitor process variability; troubleshoot wood manufacturing production problems; health and safety legislation; hazards and risk assessment. * Timber machining purpose, safety practices and operating principles - orientation of feed stock, factors affecting finish quality of machined timber. * Planing system operation and monitoring, output product quality, supplies of timber. * Hazards and safe work practices with setting a planer for dress four sides. * Cutter setting and joint straight cutters hazards and safe work practices; cutter heads locking, dismantling and cleaning according to reference text; cutter selection for job requirements and other factors. * Purpose of jointing; effects of poor jointing; remedial action. * Shaper unit isolation process; crowder is set for dimension; outfeed is set; press and pressure requirements are set. * Saw design; saw centre - under and over feeding, band saws and circular saws maintenance; saw performance; types of knives; knife operating practices. * Grinding wheels and/or stone - characteristics, types of abrasives. * Grinding wheel calculations; grinding wheel selection for different applications. * Grinding fluids - uses, first aid data. * Calculations for the operation of a wood forming machine and grinder * Glue types; hazards associated with glue: Glue test; glue systems' storage, environmental, and health and safety issues. * Hazards and safe work practices with testing finger joint product; set-up and calibrate testing equipment and record test results. * Finger jointer purpose, function and start-up checks * Finger jointer operation monitor - faults, infeed rate, product quality, jammed shook, input data recorded. * Cross cut saw centre roles, responsibilities, start-up checks, hazards and safe work practices; cutting strategies applied; output timber and data is monitored; equipment faults and malfunctions; preventative maintenance. * Principles of the sawmilling process; sawmilling steps and saws used when sawmilling timber * Economic and environmental factors effecting sawmilling operations; sawmilling cutting plans and data requirements in sawmilling. * Characteristics and properties of wood; advantages of wood; hardwood and softwood as a raw material and its uses * Characteristics of grinding wheels; manufacturers specifications interpreted; types of abrasives used. * Calculate revolutions per minute of spindles, surface metres per minute and grinding wheels. * Reasons for using grinding fluids; types of grinding fluids; methods of maintaining coolant to water ratio; first aid information; storage and chemical handling requirements. * Tooth profile; cross cut and rip saw profiles; cutting angles; safe operation of saw grinders. * Calculations for saw sharpener and stretcher roller operations, and a machine centre. * Safe circular saws setting and sharpening; tools for setting circular saws * Safe grinding and honing of knives and anvils; prepare, use and store knives, anvils and grinders * Saw defects and remedial action; check sharpening equipment and lubrication; grinder and grinding wheel; hand filing circular saws; tooth profiles; tooth protection; moisture and damage * Calibrate sharpening machinery; maintain sharpening machinery; check face plate and saw spigot

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Education pathways

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