Domain - Early Childhood: Educational Theory and Practice

Domain - Early Childhood: Educational Theory and Practice

Search Standards

All unit standards registered on the Directory of Assessment Standards may be accessed here. 

TOP > Education > Early Childhood Education and Care > Early Childhood: Educational Theory and Practice

Qualifications Domain-full

No qualifications currently registered at this level. Also check fields and sub-fields.

Assessment Standards

Hide education organisations, CMR & purpose  »

Level 2

Develop observation skills to observe a young child
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 3 This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 26709.

10016 Unit Standard 2 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe the principles and purpose of observation; observe a still scene, record and evaluate identified information; and observe a young child in an early childhood setting. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of young children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for adults who are in contact with young children and who are under supervision or require direction. This unit standard is also for parents of young children who want to learn to observe their own children, and for potential parents.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Provide resources for play for young children
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 3 This unit standard and unit standard 10014 have been replaced by unit standard 26707.

10017 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to prepare, provide, and maintain play resources for young children, and evaluate use of play resources provided for young children. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of young children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for parents, potential parents, and adults in contact with young children. This unit standard will prepare people to advance on to a higher level of early childhood education and care.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe personal and environmental hygiene and safety practices in an ECE service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 6 This unit standard was replaced by unit standard 29854.

10020 Unit Standard 2 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to describe personal hygiene practices applied and monitored by ECE educators in an ECE service; and describe environmental hygiene and safety practices in an ECE service in accordance with current ECE practice. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe the basic needs of children in an ECE service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 6 This unit standard and unit standard 26712 were replaced by unit standard 29852 and unit standard 29866.

10021 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to describe the basic needs of children in an ECE service and the environmental influences on the provision of basic needs of a child in an ECE service. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of attachment patterns and short-term separation in an ECE service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 6 This unit standard and unit standard 10023 are being replaced by unit standard 29855

10022 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to describe: attachment behaviours and patterns of behaviour of children in an ECE service; and techniques for strengthening relationships between adults and a child through short-term separation. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe transition situations in an ECE service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 6 This unit standard and unit standard 10022 were replaced by unit standard 29855.

10023 Unit Standard 2 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to describe: transition situations where children require settling in an ECE service; and strategies for assisting whanau/family and a child through transition situations in an ECE service. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in ECE services. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of promoting the health and wellbeing of children in an ECE service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 6 This unit standard was replaced by unit standard 29853 and unit standard 29865

10024 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to describe: factors that can influence children''s health and wellbeing; community health issues that can influence children''s health and wellbeing; and methods to protect and promote the health and wellbeing of children in an ECE service. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an early childhood service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of, and apply, age-related nutrition needs in providing food for a child in an ECE service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 4 This unit standard and unit standard 10021 were replaced by unit standard 29852 and unit standard 29866.

26712 Unit Standard 4 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of age-related food requirements relevant to children in an ECE service; plan nutritious meals for a toddler or a young child in accordance with food and nutrition guidelines; and prepare and serve a meal for the child. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in early childhood education.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of the basic needs and nutrition that support young children's holistic wellbeing and development
This standard is expiring. The last date for assessment to take place is 31 December 2024.

Word  PDF

Version 2 This unit standard and unit standard 29866 replaced unit standard 10021 and unit standard 26712. This unit standard, unit standard 29854 and unit standard 29856 were replaced by unit standard 32988 and unit standard 32989.

29852 Unit Standard 4 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe the basic needs of young children; and demonstrate knowledge of age-related food requirements relevant to healthy eating for young children. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Learning and Care (Level 2) [Ref: 2848]. This unit standard is an introduction to early childhood learning and life skills. It is designed for people who care for young children in parenting roles, or as support for carers of infants, toddlers and/or young children in a supervised environment.

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of health issues, practices and services to protect and enhance the wellbeing of young children

Word  PDF

Version 2 This unit standard and unit standard 29865 replaced unit standard 10024.

29853 Unit Standard 4 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of health issues, communicable diseases and environmental factors affecting the health and wellbeing of young mokopuna/children; describe personal and environmental hygiene for the care of young mokopuna/children to support their health and wellbeing; and demonstrate knowledge of immunisation programmes and health services in the community that protect and enhance the health and wellbeing of young mokopuna/children. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Learning and Care (Level 2) [Ref: 4338]. This unit standard is an introduction to early learning and life skills. It is designed for people who care for young children in parenting roles, or as support for carers of infants, toddlers and/or young children in a supervised environment.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe personal and environmental hygiene and safety practices for the care of young children
This standard is expiring. The last date for assessment to take place is 31 December 2024.

Word  PDF

Version 2 This unit standard replaced unit standard 10020. This unit standard, unit standard 29852 and unit standard 29856 were replaced by unit standard 32988 and unit standard 32989.

29854 Unit Standard 2 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to describe personal and environmental hygiene and safety practices for the care of young children. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Learning and Care (Level 2) [Ref: 2848]. This unit standard is an introduction to early childhood learning and life skills. It is designed for people who care for young children in parenting roles, or as support for carers of infants, toddlers and/or young children in a supervised environment.

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe attachment behaviours and strategies used to support transitions for young mokopuna/children

Word  PDF

Version 2 This unit standard replaced unit standard 10022 and unit standard 10023.

29855 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe attachment behaviours and patterns of behaviour of young mokopuna/children; describe transition situations where young mokopuna/children require settling; and describe strategies used to support young mokopuna/children and whanau/families through transition situations. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Learning and Care (Level 2) [Ref: 4338]. This unit standard is an introduction to early learning and life skills. It is designed for people who care for young children in parenting roles, or as support for carers of infants, toddlers and/or young children in a supervised environment.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe and demonstrate care practices for infants and toddlers
This standard is expiring. The last date for assessment to take place is 31 December 2024.

Word  PDF

Version 2 This unit standard, unit standard 29852 and unit standard 29854 were replaced by unit standard 32988 and unit standard 32989.

29856 Unit Standard 2 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe and demonstrate care practices for infants and toddlers. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Learning and Care (Level 2) [Ref: 2848], and as an option for the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Level 3) [Ref: 2849]. This unit standard is an introduction to early childhood learning and life skills. It is designed for people who care for young children in parenting roles, or as support for carers of infants, toddlers and/or young children in a supervised environment.

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe patterns of development and learning for young mokopuna/children

Word  PDF

Version 2

29857 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe the patterns of mokopuna/children''s development and learning from birth to school entry age; and describe the development of speech and language in young mokopuna/children. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Learning and Care (Level 2) [Ref: 4338]. This unit standard is an introduction to early learning and life skills. It is designed for people who care for young children in parenting roles, or as support for carers of infants, toddlers and/or young children in a supervised environment.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Provide and reflect on the value of play experiences for a mokopuna/child's development and learning

Word  PDF

Version 2

29858 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe the importance of environment, interactions and the value of play for mokopuna/children''s development and learning; provide and reflect on play experiences for a child or mokopuna/children. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Learning and Care (Level 2) [Ref: 4338]. This unit standard is an introduction to early learning and life skills. It is designed for people who care for young children in parenting roles, or as support for carers of infants, toddlers and/or young children in a supervised environment.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe strategies and practices to develop positive relationships, social and emotional competence in young children

Word  PDF

Version 2

29860 Unit Standard 6 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe and reflect on strategies and te ao Maori concepts that assist to develop positive relationships with young mokopuna/children; describe strategies and/or practices that foster the development of mokopuna/children''s social and emotional competence; and describe strategies to respond to challenging behaviour from young mokopuna/children. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Learning and Care (Level 2) [Ref: 4338]. This unit standard is an introduction to early learning and life skills. It is designed for people who care for young children in parenting roles, or as support for carers of infants, toddlers and/or young children in a supervised environment.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe and demonstrate basic care needs and practices for young mokopuna/children

Word  PDF

Version 1 This unit standard and unit standard 32989 replaced unit standard 29852, unit standard 29854 and unit standard 29856.

32988 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe the basic care needs of young mokopuna/children and associated impacts; describe environmental influences and health and safety practices that impact on the provision of care, and describe and demonstrate care practices for infants, toddlers and young mokopuna/children. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Learning and Care (Level 2) [Ref: 4338], and as an option for the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Introductory Skills) (Level 3) [Ref: 2849]. This unit standard is an introduction to early learning and life skills. It is designed for people who care for young children in parenting roles, or as support for carers of infants, toddlers and/or young children in a supervised environment.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of age-related food and nutrition relevant to healthy eating for young mokopuna/children

Word  PDF

Version 1 This unit standard and unit standard 32988 replaced unit standard 29852, unit standard 29854 and unit standard 29856.

32989 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of age-related food requirements relevant to healthy eating for young mokopuna/children; and plan nutritious food for three days for a nominated mokopuna/child. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Learning and Care (Level 2) [Ref: 4338]. This unit standard is an introduction to early learning and life skills. It is designed for people who care for young children in parenting roles, or as support for carers of infants, toddlers and/or young children in a supervised environment.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe factors that influence a mokopuna/child's brain development and lifelong learning

Word  PDF

Version 1

32991 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe the factors that influence the brain development of kukune/foetus from conception to birth, and describe the factors that influence a mokopuna/child''s brain development and lifelong learning across the early years. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Learning and Care (Level 2) [Ref: 4338]. This unit standard is an introduction to early learning and life skills. It is designed for people who care for young children in parenting roles, or as support for carers of infants, toddlers and/or young children in a supervised environment.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Level 3

Explain the relevance of the New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum Te Wh?riki as a framework for programme development
This standard is expiring. The last date for assessment to take place is 31 December 2024.

Word  PDF

Version 7 This unit standard was replaced by unit standard 33034.

10013 Unit Standard 2 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to explain the relevance of the New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum Te Whariki as a framework for programme development. This unit standard is intended primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Level 3) [Ref: 2849]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Participate in young children's play
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 3 This unit standard and unit standard 10017 have been replaced by unit standard 26707.

10014 Unit Standard 8 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: reflect on own play experiences; describe how play contributes to the learning and development of young children; engage in play with young children; and review engagement in play with young children. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of young children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for parents, potential parents, and adults in contact with young children. This unit standard will prepare people to advance on to a higher level of early childhood education and care.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Communicate with young children
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 3

10015 Unit Standard 4 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of the development of young children's language; describe the skills adults need to interact with young children; use skills to communicate with young children; and evaluate effectiveness of own communication with young children. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of young children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for parents, potential parents, and adults in contact with young children. This unit standard will prepare people to advance on to a higher level of early childhood education and care.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe and contribute to safe practices and a safe environment for mokopuna/children in an early childhood setting

Word  PDF

Version 7

10019 Unit Standard 4 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe a safe environment for mokopuna/children in an early childhood setting; contribute to a safe environment for mokopuna/children in an early childhood setting; and describe, demonstrate and evaluate strategies to assist a mokopuna/child to use safe practices in an early childhood setting. This unit standard is intended primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Introductory Skills) (Level 3) [Ref: 2849]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of protection for young children from abuse
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 3

10025 Unit Standard 2 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to describe types of child abuse and their signs, and describe ways to protect young children from abuse. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of young children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for parents, potential parents, and adults in contact with young children. This unit standard will prepare people to advance on to a higher level of early childhood education and care.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of mokopuna/children's holistic development and learning in an early childhood setting

Word  PDF

Version 7

10026 Unit Standard 6 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe the dimensions and progressions of the development and learning of mokopuna/children from birth to school entry age; describe environmental factors that may influence the development and learning of a mokopuna/child in an early childhood setting; and describe the acquisition and development of language and literacies in mokopuna/children. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Introductory Skills) (Level 3) [Ref: 2849] and the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Level 4) [Ref: 2850]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Develop a plan for a programme for young children in an early childhood setting
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 4 This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 27145.

10038 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe the purpose, principles and value of programme planning in an early childhood setting; describe the knowledge and skills required for planning a programme in an early childhood setting; and plan a programme for young children in an early childhood setting. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of young children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for parents, potential parents, and adults in contact with young children. This unit standard will prepare people to advance on to a higher level of early childhood education and care.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe the value of play and create resources for children's learning and development in an early childhood setting

Word  PDF

Version 5 This unit standard replaced unit standard 10014 and unit standard 10017.

26707 Unit Standard 4 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe the value of play to the learning and development of mokopuna/children in an early childhood setting; and create, use and evaluate play resources for mokopuna/children in an early childhood setting in accordance with Te Whariki. This unit standard is intended primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Introductory Skills) (Level 3) [Ref: 2849]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe respectful, reciprocal and responsive relationships with mokopuna/children in an early childhood setting

Word  PDF

Version 5

26708 Unit Standard 4 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe strategies and te ao Maori concepts that help to develop positive relationships with mokopuna/children in an early childhood setting; describe strategies and/or practices that support the development of mokopuna/children''s social and emotional competence; and describe culturally responsive strategies to respond to challenging behaviour from young mokopuna/children in an early childhood setting. This unit standard is intended primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Introductory Skills) (Level 3) [Ref: 2849]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Conduct an observation of a child in an ECE service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 4 This unit standard and unit standard 27145 were replaced by unit standard 29863. This unit standard replaced unit standard 10016.

26709 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to, in an ECE service: demonstrate knowledge of observations of a child; plan an observation of a child; and observe a child, document the observation, and evaluate outcomes of the observation. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Develop, implement, and evaluate a learning plan for children in an ECE service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 4 This unit standard and unit standard 26709 were replaced by unit standard 29863. This unit standard replaced unit standard 10038.were

27145 Unit Standard 4 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to develop, implement, and evaluate a learning plan for children in an ECE service. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Develop, implement and evaluate a learning plan based on observation of a child in an ECE service
This standard is expiring. The last date for assessment to take place is 31 December 2024.

Word  PDF

Version 2 This unit standard replaced unit standard 26709 and unit standard 27145. This unit standard was replaced by unit standard 32990.

29863 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of and plan an observation of a child in an ECE service; observe a child, document the observation and evaluate the outcomes of the observation; develop a learning plan for a child in an ECE service; implement and evaluate the learning plan for the child in an ECE service. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Level 3) [Ref: 2849]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of attachment theories, behaviours and transition support in an early childhood setting

Word  PDF

Version 2

29864 Unit Standard 4 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe attachment theories and explain perspectives relevant to understanding attachment behaviours of young mokopuna/children in an early childhood setting; recognise and describe interpersonal relationships and attachment patterns in an early childhood setting, and explain transitions in an early childhood setting. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Introductory Skills) (Level 3) [Ref: 2849]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe and reflect on practices to protect and promote the health and holistic wellbeing of young mokopuna/children

Word  PDF

Version 2 This unit standard and unit standard 29853 replaced unit standard 10024.

29865 Unit Standard 4 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe health issues and factors that can influence mokopuna/children''s health and holistic wellbeing; describe practices to protect and promote the health and holistic wellbeing of mokopuna/children in an early childhood setting, and reflect on the importance of these in meeting mokopuna/children''s basic needs. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Introductory Skills) (Level 3) [Ref: 2849]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of, apply and reflect on age-related nutrition needs for a child in an early childhood setting

Word  PDF

Version 2 This unit standard and unit standard 29852 replaced unit standard 26712 and unit standard 10021.

29866 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of age-related food requirements relevant to mokopuna/children in an early childhood setting; plan nutritious meals for a toddler or a young child in accordance with Healthy Food and Drink Guidance - Early Learning Services; and prepare and serve a meal for the mokopuna/child and reflect on learning from the process. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Introductory Skills) (Level 3) [Ref: 2849], and as an option for the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Level 4) [Ref: 2850]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in early childhood education.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Develop skills to observe and analyse learning and development of a mokopuna/child in an early childhood setting

Word  PDF

Version 1 This unit standard replaced unit standard 29863.

32990 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of observation of a mokopuna/child in an early childhood setting; and observe a mokopuna/child, document the observation and analyse the outcomes of the observation to inform the planning of the learning and development opportunities for the mokopuna/child. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Introductory Skills) (Level 3) [Ref: 2849]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Describe Te Wh?riki: He wh?riki m?tauranga m? ng? mokopuna o Aotearoa Early Childhood Curriculum

Word  PDF

Version 1 This unit standard replaced unit standard 10013.

33034 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe Te Whariki: He whariki matauranga mo nga mokopuna o Aotearoa Early Childhood Curriculum. This unit standard is intended primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Introductory Skills) (Level 3) [Ref: 2849]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Level 4

Guide young children's behaviour
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 3 This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 26710.

10018 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe and compare expectations for young children's behaviour; describe appropriate strategies for guiding young children's behaviour; apply strategies to guide young children's behaviour; and select and apply strategies to respond to conflict situations for young children. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of young children in an early childhood setting. It is designed for parents, potential parents, and adults in contact with young children. This unit standard will prepare people to advance on to a higher level of early childhood education and care.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of assisting with the implementation of early intervention programmes in ECE
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 3 This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 26711. This unit standard replaced unit standard 7304.

21327 Unit Standard 4 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard will be able to: identify learning and developmental characteristics in infants, toddlers, and young children; demonstrate knowledge of early intervention practice; describe characteristics of a selected early childhood setting in relation to inclusion; describe factors that may affect ways of working with families/whanau in relation to early intervention practice; and demonstrate knowledge of assisting with the implementation of an inclusive programme for an infant, toddler, or young child in an early childhood setting. This unit standard is intended for those who work in an assisting role with infants, toddlers, and young children.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of inclusive education in an ECE service and the roles of support agencies
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 4 This unit standard was replaced by unit standard 29861 and unit standard 29881. This unit standard replaced unit standard 21327.

26711 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard will be able to: discuss current thinking in relation to inclusive education for children in an ECE service; and discuss the roles of support agencies for children, their whanau/family and an educator. This unit standard is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of how theories of children's holistic development and learning influence practice

Word  PDF

Version 2 This unit standard replaced unit standard 9302.

29872 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to demonstrate knowledge of how theories of children''s holistic development and learning influence practice in an ECE service. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Level 4) [Ref: 2850]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of Te Wh?riki to inform ECE practice

Word  PDF

Version 2

29873 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of Te Whariki to inform ECE practice. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Level 4) [Ref: 2850]. This unit standard is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Plan, implement and review enriching and culturally responsive learning experiences for a child in an ECE service

Word  PDF

Version 2

29874 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of enriching and culturally responsive learning experiences and interactions to enhance learning for a mokopuna/child in an ECE service; implement and analyse an observation of a mokopuna/child in an ECE service; and develop, implement and review a culturally responsive plan for a mokopuna/child''s learning and development in an ECE service. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Level 4) [Ref: 2850]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Provide a safe environment to protect and support the holistic wellbeing and care of mokopuna/children in an ECE service

Word  PDF

Version 2

29875 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe regulatory requirements that inform the provision of a safe and hygienic environment to protect and support the holistic wellbeing, safety, health and care of mokopuna/children in an ECE service; implement and evaluate practices that minimise the risk of harm and enhance mokopuna/children''s holistic wellbeing, safety and health in an ECE service; and implement and evaluate care practices that minimise harm and enhance mokopuna/children''s holistic wellbeing in an ECE service. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Level 4) [Ref: 2850]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Use and evaluate strategies to engage in relationships and support children's social competence in an ECE community

Word  PDF

Version 2

29877 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: use and evaluate strategies to develop and maintain respectful, reciprocal and responsive relationships within an ECE community; use and reflect on strategies for supporting mokopuna/children''s social and emotional competence in an early learning service. This unit standard has been reviewed and is intended for assessment within programmes leading to the New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Level 4) [Ref: 2850]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate understanding of diverse philosophical and cultural ECE contexts to inform own ECE practice in New Zealand

Word  PDF

Version 2 This unit standard and unit standard 29861 replaced unit standard 26711.

29881 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: compare a range of ECE philosophies and cultural contexts in Aotearoa New Zealand; discuss current thinking in relation to inclusive education practices for children in an ECE service in Aotearoa New Zealand; describe and reflect on expectations of standards associated with professional practice of an educator in an ECE service in Aotearoa New Zealand; develop and reflect on own philosophy of professional practice in an ECE service in Aotearoa New Zealand. This unit standard has been developed primarily for assessment for the qualification New Zealand Certificate in Early Childhood Education and Care (Level 4) [Ref: 2850]. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Consent & Moderation Requirements:

CMR 135 Word PDF

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of children's learning and how learning theories influence practice in an ECE service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 6 This unit standard was replaced by unit standard 29872.

9302 Unit Standard 6 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of ways in which children learn; describe how learning experiences for children relate to learning theories; and demonstrate knowledge of how learning theories influence practice in an ECE service. This unit standard is an introduction to education and care of children in an ECE service. It is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Level 5

Demonstrate knowledge of child behaviours and investigate and apply strategies to guide child behaviours in ECE services
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 4 This unit standard replaced unit standard 10018.

26710 Unit Standard 7 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe and compare own and others'' expectations of children''s behaviours in an ECE service; discuss influences on challenging children''s behaviours in an ECE service; demonstrate knowledge of, and apply, strategies for positively guiding a child''s behaviours in an ECE service; and identify support agencies and describe their support for a child with complex or extreme behaviours. This unit standard is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of DOPs (1-5) for learning and development in a chartered EC service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 3

9301 Unit Standard 6 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to describe the relationship between Desirable Objectives and Practices and the delivery of quality learning and development opportunities for young children, and describe the implementation of Desirable Objectives and Practices in a chartered early childhood (EC) service. This unit standard is designed for people who work, or wish to work, with young children in a chartered early childhood service.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of the New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum, Te Wh?riki
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 6

9306 Unit Standard 7 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe Te Whariki and its relationship with teaching and learning practices for children in an ECE service; explain how Te Whariki guides teaching and learning practice in ECE services in Aotearoa/New Zealand; evaluate the application of Te Whariki in an ECE service; and explain how Te Whariki informs own values, beliefs, and practice in an ECE context. This unit standard is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of, and implement, observation techniques in an ECE service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 6

9312 Unit Standard 6 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe the purpose of observation in an ECE service; explain the ethical and legal requirements of observation in an ECE service; describe a variety of observation techniques applicable to an ECE service; implement observation techniques in an ECE service; and evaluate the observation techniques in an ECE service. This unit standard is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in ECE services. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of programme planning for learning in an ECE service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 6

9314 Unit Standard 8 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: develop, implement, and evaluate a learning plan for a child in an ECE service; describe and explain programme planning in an ECE service; describe components of programme planning in an ECE service; and discuss and reflect on how theoretical perspectives of learning influence programme planning. This unit standard is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Practise safe supervision of young children in an early childhood setting
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 3

9321 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to demonstrate knowledge of safe supervision techniques for young children in an early childhood setting, and practise and review safe supervision of young children in an early childhood setting. This unit standard is designed for people who work, or wish to work, with young children in an early childhood setting.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Develop emergency plans and procedures for early childhood settings
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 3

9324 Unit Standard 4 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to develop emergency plans for early childhood settings and review emergency plans and procedures for a specific early childhood setting. This unit standard is designed for people who work with, or intend to work with, young children in an early childhood setting.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of an environment that enhances children's health and safety in an ECE service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 6

9325 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of policies and procedures in an ECE environment that enhance children''s health and safety; demonstrate knowledge of ways to provide an ECE environment that enhances children''s health and safety; and employ and evaluate safe supervision techniques that enhance a children''s health and safety in an ECE service. This unit standard is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard. This unit standard will prepare people to advance to a higher level of study in ECE.

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Level 6

Demonstrate knowledge of home visits in early childhood education and care
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 6

10028 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to describe: the interaction of an early childhood educator with whanau/families and/or a caregiver during a home visit; and the processes of imparting information on education and care requirements of the child when conducting home visits. This unit standard is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in ECE services. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard.

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Demonstrate knowledge of theories of human development across the lifespan and their relevance to ECE practice
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 6

10029 Unit Standard 10 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of theories on human development across the lifespan, and discuss how knowledge of theories of human development across the lifespan relates to ECE practice. This unit standard is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in ECE services. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard.

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Develop own philosophy of early childhood education and care
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 1

9294 Unit Standard 3 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to reflect on own learning and development experiences, discuss own philosophy of early childhood education and care, and reflect on own philosophy of early childhood education and care. This unit standard is designed for people who work with young children, or wish to work, with young children, in an early childhood setting.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA Early Childhood Education Advisory Group NZQA National Qualifications Services

Analyse Te Wh?riki and the New Zealand Curriculum for programme planning in an ECE service
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 6

9308 Unit Standard 6 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of Te Whariki and the New Zealand Curriculum; compare Te Whariki with the New Zealand Curriculum; use the comparison of Te Whariki and the New Zealand Curriculum for programme planning in an ECE service. This unit standard is designed for people who intend to work, or are working with, children in an ECE service. People working in the wider education sector may also be interested in this unit standard.

Standard-setting body:

Toitu te Waiora Community, Health, Education and Social Services Workforce Development Council NZQA National Qualifications Services

Relate knowledge of child protection practices
This standard has expired and is no longer available.

Version 3

9326 Unit Standard 5 Credits

View Education Organisations with Consent to Assess  »

People credited with this unit standard are able to: demonstrate knowledge of types of child abuse; describe child protection practices; demonstrate knowledge of support systems for child protection; critique reporting procedures in the event of child abuse in a simulated context; and reflect on role of an early childhood practitioner in relation to child protection practices in early childhood settings. This unit standard is designed for people who work with, or intend to work, with young children, in an early childhood setting.

Standard-setting body:

NZQA National Qualifications Services

Data as at 18 August 2022